Why there are other popular chronic disease, less women in Africa are aware of what’s wrong with them. They merely call it menstrual pain. Let’s see what this endo is like,
According to statistics Endometriosis is a painful, chronic disease that affects at
least 6.3 million women and girls in the U.S., 1 million in Canada, and millions more worldwide. It occurs when tissue
like that which lines the uterus (tissue called the endometrium) is found outside the uterus, usually in the abdomen on the ovaries, fallopian tubes, and ligaments that support the uterus; the area between the vagina and rectum; the outer surface of the uterus; and the lining of the pelvic cavity. Other sites for these endometrial growths may include the bladder, bowel, vagina, cervix, vulva, and in abdominal surgical scars. Less commonly they are found in the lung, arm, thigh, and other locations. This misplaced tissue develops into growths or lesions which respond to the menstrual cycle in the same way that
the tissue of the uterine lining does: each month the tissue builds up, breaks down, and sheds. Menstrual blood flows
from the uterus and out of the body through the vagina, but the blood and tissue shed from endometrial growths has no way of leaving the body. This results in internal bleeding, breakdown of the blood and tissue from the lesions, and
inflammation and can cause pain, infertility, scar tissue formation, adhesions, and bowel problems.
What are the Symptoms of Endometriosis?
Pain before and during periods
Pain with sex
Painful urination during periods
Painful bowel movements during periods
Other Gastrointestinal upsets such as diarrhea, constipation,
In addition, many women with endometriosis suffer from:
Frequent yeast infections
Diagnosis is considered uncertain until proven by
laparoscopy, a minor surgical procedure done under anesthesia. A laparoscopy usually shows the location, size,
and extent of the growths. This helps the doctor and patient make better treatment choices.
What Causes Endometriosis?
The cause of endometriosis is unknown. The retrograde menstruation theory (transtubal migration theory) suggests
that during menstruation some of the menstrual tissue backs up through the fallopian tubes, implants in the abdomen, and grows. Some experts believe that all women experience some menstrual tissue backup and that an immune system problem or a hormonal problem allows this
tissue to grow in the women who develop endometriosis.
The primary symptom of endometriosis is pelvic pain, often associated with your menstrual period. Although many
women experience cramping during their menstrual period, women with endometriosis typically describe menstrual pain that’s far worse than usual. They also tend to report that
the pain has increased over time.
Other symptoms. You may also experience fatigue, diarrhea, constipation, bloating or nausea, especially during menstrual periods.
The severity of your pain isn’t necessarily a reliable indicator of the extent of the condition. Some women with mild
endometriosis have extensive pain, while others with advanced endometriosis may have little pain or even no pain at all.
Endometriosis is sometimes mistaken for other conditions that can cause pelvic pain, such as pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) or ovarian cysts. It may be confused with
irritable bowel syndrome (IBS), a condition that causes bouts of diarrhea, constipation and abdominal cramping.
IBS can accompany endometriosis, which can complicate the diagnosis.
This September there would be seminars and awareness programme by ajiga haleemah foundation. contact : 0705 057 1903